FULL VOLUME
PASSIVE AND ACTIVE EXERCISES

  • Arm/hand
  • Neck
  • Leg/ankle
  • Trunk (in bed)
  • Legs (in bed)
  • Arms and legs (sitting)
  • Resistance
  • Sitting balance

Professional Resources:
Click here for details:

  • Review Notes
  • Exam Questions

ARM/HAND
Detailed instructions on how to prevent tightening (contracture) in the shoulder, wrist and finger joints.

NECK
Gentle movement of the head and neck is illustrated in order to maintain vital motions.

Active exercises are self-initiated, with supervision if needed.

LEG/ANKLE
Detailed instructions on gentle movement of the hip, knee and ankle joints in order to preserve motions needed for walking and activities of daily living.

TRUNK (in bed)
Extremely important exercises needed to maintain the ability to move in bed, to sit up and lie down, and to get out of bed.

LEGS (in bed)
Strengthening exercises for the legs to improve walking strength, balance and endurance.

ARMS AND LEGS (sitting)
Demonstration of several exercises useful for maintaining and improving strength in the shoulders and legs while in the seated position.

RESISTANCE
The principles of using minimal and moderate weights to create resistance, and the concept of progression and plateaus are explained and demonstrated in detail.

SITTING BALANCE
Extremely important use of resistance demonstrated to strengthen the trunk and improve sitting balance while seated in the wheelchair.